Gymnema sylvetre decreases glucose absorption from the intestines. It seems to regenerate the beta cells in the pancreas and increases insulin secretion, as well as increasing the permeability of cells so that they absorb more insulin. This herb acts by increasing cell permeability. It also helps normalize blood sugar and triglycerides, reduce sugar cravings, and decrease insulin needs. It has been found to be effective against obesity. Gymnema leaf extract, has been found to interfere with the ability of the taste buds on the tongue to taste sweet and bitter. It is believed that by inhibiting the sweet taste sensation, people taking it will limit their intake of sweet foods and this activity may be partially responsible for its hypoglycemic effect.
Curcumin is a strong antioxidant, and has been associated with treating complications in diabetes. It inhibits oxidation - internal rusting - because it protects against free radicals that are caused by the cross linkages and high sugar. So curcumin prevents free radical damage, reduces oxidative stress associated with diabetes, and helps to clean up metabolic waste. curcumin is a very good herb for the liver which is affected in diabetes.
Administration of powdered fenugreek seeds has shown to lower blood glucose level by slowing down digestion and absorption of carbohydrates (fasting and post-prandial) in non-insulin-dependent diabetics with and without coronary artery disease (CAD). In the diabetic patients with CAD, fenugreek also significantly lowered total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. In insulin-dependent diabetics, fenugreek seed powder also helps in decreasing 24-hour urine excretion of glucose as well as reducing the total cholesterol. Fenugreek seeds are also 55% fiber. Fenugreek normalizes glucose after meals and improves insulin response in the body, and it lowers total cholesterol and triglycerides.
Cinnamon is a powerful herb for blood sugar control. It is found that cinnamon can improve glucose metabolism in fat cells by twenty fold. Out of all herbs, spices and plant extracts, cinnamon is the most bioactive. Cinnamon has the key substance called methyl hydroxy chalcon polymer (MHCP) that stimulates glucose uptake. The polyphenols, polymers in cinnamon are able to up-regulate the expression of genes involved in activating the cell membrane's insulin receptors, thus increasing glucose uptake and lowering blood glucose levels. So cinnamon improves glucose intake by the cells, increases the secretion of insulin. Cinnamon has also shown to reduce triglyceride levels, LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol.
It is also known as chilli pepper. This herb contains the element capsaicin, which alleviates nerve pain (neuropathy) associated with diabetes. Cayenne may improve the sensitivity of your tissues to insulin, and less insulin will be required to efficiently cause the movement of glucose from your blood into your tissues.
It is an herb which helps in improving immunity and generally strengthening the body. It helps in reducing the blood sugar. It also normalizes triglyceride levels in the blood, lowers cholesterol and decreases blood pressure and inflammation in mild to moderate cases.
Parsley is excellent for kidney support in diabetics. Parsley is one of the most used medicinal plants to treat arterial hypertension; diabetes, cardiac and renal diseases. It has been reported that this herb has strong diuretic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-hyperlipidemic, anticoagulant, anti-oxidant, anti-microbial and laxative activities.
It is an ancient herbomineral extract from the Himalayas. It improves glycogen stores in the liver and has been shown to help reduce sugar in the urine, promote regeneration of the pancreatic beta cells and reduce oxidative stress. The active principle of shilajit is fulvic acid, which improves the bioavailability of important trace minerals and there is a feeling that it creates regeneration in the pancreatic cells.