Berries and Diabetes: Real Truth
Diabetes type 2 commonly referred to as T2D is emerging as a global pandemic.
The pharmacological interventions are not just costly but associated with adverse side effects.
This is the point where nutritional therapy comes in to play a role in the prevention, development, and treatment of type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugars due to insulin resistance and/or insufficient insulin production.
Nutrition therapy is considered an integral part of diabetes management.
The complex carbohydrates in fruits, legumes, whole grains, and vegetables help greatly.
The polyphenolic flavonoids which are the dietary bioactive compounds found in fruits, berries have shown to have anti-diabetic effects in studies.
What is a Berry?
A berry can be described as pulpy, edible, small fruit. Typically berries are bright colored and juicy with a sweet, sour, or tart taste with many seeds present
Common edible berries are
- Red- Currants
- white Currants
- Black currants
The real truth is berries are a superfood for diabetes as they are packed with antioxidants and fiber and they play a crucial role in diabetes.
Today, we will study 2 berries strawberry and mulberry.
Many diabetics shy away from fruit because they perceive it to be high in sugar and therefore likely to raise their blood glucose levels.
However, the American Diabetes Association encourages diabetics to include fruit as part of their diets because fruits, including strawberries, contain minerals like potassium zinc, phosphorus, magnesium, and important vitamins like B6, E, K, and A.
Strawberry is one of the seasonal fruits with a low glycemic index of 40. You can few strawberries to your smoothie or have 3 to 4 of them.
Calories in strawberry (100 g) - 33 calories
Recent reviews have indeed reported that berries, like strawberries (strawberry fruit) can lower markers of retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy risk in humans.
It is well known that cranberries and strawberries are rich in polyphenols and contain phenolic compounds. According to studies, polyphenols improve peripheral glucose uptake and glucose metabolism by increasing GLUT4 (Glucose transporter) activity and reducing inflammation and oxidative stress.
It has recently been demonstrated that it reduces glycemia and improves insulin sensitivity.
Mulberry fruits are fleshy and delicious, which are low in calories and contain health-promoting phytonutrients like minerals, polyphenols, and vitamins essential for optimum health.
Mulberry fruits have been used in the treatment and prevention of diabetes for a long time. Also, used as a general tonic in traditional oriental medicine.
Its unique color is described as Mulberry color.
Mulberry fruit has been used in the prevention of various chronic diseases.
The mulberry extract is known to hypolipidemic effect, antitumor activity, and antioxidant activity. The major bioactivity in mulberry fruit is due to phenolics.
Mulberry fruit, like other berries, contains high amounts of flavonoids plus anthocyanins that are responsible for its color, and other phenolics.
Anthocyanins found in mulberry extract exhibit potent neuroprotective and antitumor activity.
So diabetics, go ahead and have berries.
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